The spine

Spinal problems are endemic in the population: One out of two Germans 
 complains of stabbing pains, tightness, or throbbing in the back. Some of the reasons for this may be herniated discs, narrowing of the spinal canal (stenosis), or bone loss due to osteoporosis.

Recent advancements in medicine have made it possible to replace discs with artificial prostheses or to safely fuse portions of the spinal column.
Since procedures on the spinal column are technically demanding due to the proximity to the spinal cord and nerve structures, they should be performed by a specialist. Dr Stephan Noe is a member of the German Spine Association (Deutsche Wirbelsäulengesellschaft).
Undergoing a procedure does not automatically lead to pain relief. For that reason, surgery should only be considered after consistent physical therapy and concomitant medication and injections have proven unsuccessful.